A Bellwether for All Library Services in the Future: A Review of User-Centered Library Integrations with Learning Management Systems

Liz Thompson, David S. Vess


Much has been written about the academic library’s presence in Learning Management Systems (LMS). This literature mainly documents the functional design and implementation of the library tools within the parameters of a given learning management system at a given college or university. While these technology-driven articles can be helpful for institutions exploring how to connect their library to their LMS, many of the articles include limited or no reflection on user needs in the context of student learning. Those articles that do evaluate user needs often identify how well the system functions in order to make iterative functional changes, but the authors of this literature review believe user attitudes, expectations, and perceptions of library integrations are the foundation for a successful integration. In this review, the authors examine the current body of library-LMS integration literature that incorporates evaluation instruments and resulting data showing student and faculty expectations and perceptions of library integrations with the LMS.  


academic libraries, learning management systems, library resources, evaluation instruments

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Beagle, Donald. “Web-Based Learning Environments: Do Libraries Matter?” College & Research Libraries 61, no. 4 (July 1, 2000): 367–79. doi:10.5860/crl.61.4.367.

Black, Elizabeth L. “Toolkit Approach To Integrating Library Resources Into The Learning Management System.” The Journal of Academic Librarianship 34, no. 6 (November 2008): 496–501. doi:10.1016/j.acalib.2008.09.018.

Cohen, David. “Course-Management Software: Where’s the Library?” Educause Review 37, no. 3 (May 2002): 12–13. https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0239.pdf.

Dahlstrom, Eden, D Christopher Brooks, and Jacqueline Bichsel. “The Current Ecosystem of Learning Management Systems in Higher Education: Student, Faculty, and IT Perspectives.” EDUCAUSE Research Report. Louisville, CO (2014), http://www.educause.edu/ecar.

Farkas, Meredith. “Libraries in the Learning Management System.” Tips and Trends: Instructional Technologies Commitee: ACRL Instruction Section, 2015, 1–5. http://acrl.ala.org/IS/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/summer2015.pdf.

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Leeder, Chris, and Steven Lonn. “Faculty Usage of Library Tools in a Learning Management System.” College & Research Libraries 75, no. 5 (2014): 641–63. doi:10.5860/crl.75.5.641.

McLure, Merinda, and Karen Munro. “Research for Design: Exploring Student and Instructor Attitudes toward Accessing Library Resources and Services from Course Management Systems (CMS).” Communications in Information Literacy 4, no. 1 (2010): 29–60. http://www.comminfolit.org/index.php/cil/index.

Morgan, Glenda. “Faculty Use of Course Management Systems.” Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research (2003), doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00578.x.

O’Leary, Mick. “New Academic Information Model Bypasses Libraries.” Online 25, no. 4 (2001): 72–74.

Shank, John, and Nancy Dewald. “Establishing Our Presence in Courseware: Adding Library Services to the Virtual Classroom.” Information Technology and Libraries 22, no. 1 (March 2003): 38–43. doi:10.5860/crl-219.

Washburn, Allyson. “Finding the Library in Blackboard: An Assessment of Library Integration.” Merlot: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching 4, no. 3 (2008): 301–16. http://jolt.merlot.org/vol4no3/washburn_0908.pdf.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21061/valib.v62i1.1472


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